Background: Pericardial effusion usually accompanies post-op Coronary artery bypass grafting and it may accumulate further within the restrictive bony cage of the chest. It may result in sudden increase in pressure any subsequent compression to the heart will result. Hence, routine drainage is carried out and this study has compared the incidence of PE among Chest Tube versus CT with JP drain groups that underwent CABG.
Methodology: This prospective cohort study enrolled 98 consecutive patients who underwent CABG and was divided into CT and CT with JP drain. Patients were followed up on the 5th post op day for incidence of post-op PE via 2decho and severity of pain using Wong-Baker Scale.
Results: Among the baseline characteristics, DM was more prevalent among CT with JP drain group (p-value <0.05) and prolonged bypass time noted in the CT only group (p-value <0.05). For the outcomes, there was an increase in PE among CT group while pain was more significant in the CT with JP group (p-value <0.05).
Conclusion: In our study, we found out that the CT only group was noted to have an increase in the incidence of PE compared to the CT with JP group but when pain was involved the CT with JP group had a higher rate among the patients involved in the study.