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HERDIN Record #: NCR-PHA-18113017465645 Submitted: 01 December 2018 Modified: 01 December 2018

Complete percutaneous coronary intervention versus culprit only percutaneous coronary intervention for acute ST elevation myocardial infarction with multivessel coronary artery disease: A meta-analysis.

Lorraine Grace B. Almelor,
Paul Ferninad M. Reganit

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BACKGROUND: ACurrent guidelines recommend that primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in hemodynamically stable acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients should be limited to the culprit vessel despite significant stenosis in non culprit coronary arteries. Recent studies and meta-analyses provide conflicting data.

OBJECTIVES: This review compared the efficacy of culprit (infarct related artery only) primary PCI versus complete (infarct related artery and at least one other artery with significant stenosis) primary PCI in acute STEMI patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD).

METHODS: We systematically searched the electronic databases, MEDLINE and CENTRAL, and the clinical trial registries, and ISRCTN registry, for all published and unpublished randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing culprit primary PCI versus complete primary PCI in acute STEMI with multivessel CAD. Manual searching was done by reviewing the references of available studies. Data were extracted from full text reports of eligible trials, and evaluated independently by the authors using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias. Statistical analyses were performed using RevMan 5.3.  

RESULTS: Four RCTs (3 published,1 unpublished) involving 979 patients were analyzed. Complete PCI was associated with a decreased risk for both cardiovascular (RR 0.45 [95% CI 0.22, 0.94]; p=0.03) and all cause mortality (RR 0.63 [95% CI 0.37, 1.05]; p=0.08), as well as repeat revascularization (RR 0.37 [95% CI 0.26, 0.53]; p<0.00001) and repeat non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) (RR 0.37 [95% CI 0.19, 0.71]; p=0.003). No heterogeneity was detected (I2 statistic was 0% for all outcomes).

CONCLUSION: Complete PCI is associated with a significant decrease in the risk of cardiovascular mortality, repeat revascularization and repeat non fatal MI in patients with acute STEMI and multivessel CAD.

Publication Type
Publication Sub Type
Philippine Journal of Cardiology
Publication Date
January-June 2015
LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
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